Cancrinite-vishnevite solid solution from Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada)

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Marco E. Ciriotti
Messaggi: 23495
Iscritto il: ven 25 giu, 2004 11:31
Località: via San Pietro, 55 I-10073 Devesi/Cirié TO - Italy
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Cancrinite-vishnevite solid solution from Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada)

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » mar 22 nov, 2016 10:30

Prossima pubblicazione.

Referenza:
▪ Martins, T., Kressall, R., Medici, L., Chakhmouradian, A.R. (2017): Cancrinite-vishnevite solid solution from Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada): crystal chemistry and implications for alkaline igneous rocks. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, (in press).

Abstract:
This paper presents a microbeam (electron microprobe, Raman spectroscopic, and X-ray microdiffraction) study of cancrinite-group minerals of relevance to alkaline igneous rocks. A solid solution is known to exist between cancrinite and vishnevite with the principal substitutions being (CO3)2- by (SO4)2- and Ca for Na. In the present study, several intermediate members of the cancrinite-vishnevite series from a syenitic intrusion at Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada), were used to examine how chemical variations in this series affect their spectroscopic and structural characteristics. The Cinder Lake samples deviate from the ideal cancrinite-vishnevite binary owing to the presence of cation vacancies. The only substituent elements detectable by electron microprobe are K, Sr and Fe (0.03-0.70, 0-0.85 and 0-0.45 wt.% respective oxides). The following Raman bands are present in the spectra of these minerals: ~631 cm-1 and ~984-98624 cm-1 [(SO4)2- vibration modes]; ~720-774 cm-1 and ~1045-1060 cm-1 [(CO3)2– vibration modes]; and ~3540 cm-1 and 3591 cm-1 [(H2O) vibration modes]. Our study shows a clear relationship between the chemical composition and Raman characteristics of intermediate members of the cancrinite-vishnevite series, especially with regard to stretching modes of the (CO3)2- and (SO4)2- anions. From cancrinite-poor (Ccn6.5) to cancrinite-dominant (Ccn91.3) compositions, the (SO4)2- vibration modes disappear from the Raman spectrum, giving way to (CO3)2– modes. X-ray microdiffraction results show a decrease in unit-cell parameters toward cancrinite-dominant compositions: a = 12.664 (1) Å, c = 5.173 (1) Å for vishnevite (Ccn22); a = 12.613 (1) Å, c = 5.132 (1) Å for cancrinite (Ccn71). Our results demonstrate that Raman spectroscopy and X-ray microdiffraction are effective for in-situ identification of microscopic grains of cancrinite vishnevite where other methods (e.g., infrared spectroscopy) are inapplicable. The petrogenetic implications of cancrinite-vishnevite relations for tracing early to late-stage evolution of alkaline magmas are discussed.
Marco E. Ciriotti

«Things are interesting only in so far as they relate themselves to other things»

Avatar utente
Marco E. Ciriotti
Messaggi: 23495
Iscritto il: ven 25 giu, 2004 11:31
Località: via San Pietro, 55 I-10073 Devesi/Cirié TO - Italy
Contatta:

Re: Cancrinite-vishnevite solid solution from Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada)

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » lun 16 ott, 2017 12:42

Pubblicazione effettuata.

Referenza:
▪ Martins, T., Kressall, R., Medici, L., Chakhmouradian, A.R. (2017): Cancrinite-vishnevite solid solution from Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada): crystal chemistry and implications for alkaline igneous rocks. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1261-1277.

Abstract:
This paper presents a microbeam (electron microprobe, Raman spectroscopic, and X-ray microdiffraction) study of cancrinite-group minerals of relevance to alkaline igneous rocks. A solid solution is known to exist between cancrinite and vishnevite with the principal substitutions being (CO3)2- by (SO4)2- and Ca for Na. In the present study, several intermediate members of the cancrinite-vishnevite series from a syenitic intrusion at Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada), were used to examine how chemical variations in this series affect their spectroscopic and structural characteristics. The Cinder Lake samples deviate from the ideal cancrinite-vishnevite binary owing to the presence of cation vacancies. The only substituent elements detectable by electron microprobe are K, Sr and Fe (0.03-0.70, 0-0.85 and 0-0.45 wt.% respective oxides). The following Raman bands are present in the spectra of these minerals: ~631 cm-1 and ~984-98624 cm-1 [(SO4)2- vibration modes]; ~720-774 cm-1 and ~1045-1060 cm-1 [(CO3)2– vibration modes]; and ~3540 cm-1 and 3591 cm-1 [(H2O) vibration modes]. Our study shows a clear relationship between the chemical composition and Raman characteristics of intermediate members of the cancrinite-vishnevite series, especially with regard to stretching modes of the (CO3)2- and (SO4)2- anions. From cancrinite-poor (Ccn6.5) to cancrinite-dominant (Ccn91.3) compositions, the (SO4)2- vibration modes disappear from the Raman spectrum, giving way to (CO3)2– modes. X-ray microdiffraction results show a decrease in unit-cell parameters toward cancrinite-dominant compositions: a = 12.664 (1) Å, c = 5.173 (1) Å for vishnevite (Ccn22); a = 12.613 (1) Å, c = 5.132 (1) Å for cancrinite (Ccn71). Our results demonstrate that Raman spectroscopy and X-ray microdiffraction are effective for in-situ identification of microscopic grains of cancrinite vishnevite where other methods (e.g., infrared spectroscopy) are inapplicable. The petrogenetic implications of cancrinite-vishnevite relations for tracing early to late-stage evolution of alkaline magmas are discussed.
Marco E. Ciriotti

«Things are interesting only in so far as they relate themselves to other things»

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