MT structures of alumophosphates AlPO4(H2O)2 (metavariscite and variscite) and Al2(PO4)2(H2O)3

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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MT structures of alumophosphates AlPO4(H2O)2 (metavariscite and variscite) and Al2(PO4)2(H2O)3

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » mer 12 apr, 2017 8:13

Referenza:
▪ Ilyushin, G.D. & Blatov, V.A. (2017): Symmetry and topology code of the cluster self-assembly of framework MT structures of alumophosphates AlPO4(H2O)2 (metavariscite and variscite) and Al2(PO4)2(H2O)3 (APC). Crystallography Reports, 62, 174–184.

Abstract:
The supramolecular chemistry of alumophosphates, which form framework 3D MT structures from polyhedral AlО4(Н2О)2 clusters with octahedral O coordination (of M polyhedra) and PO4 and AlO4 with tetrahedral O coordination (of T polyhedra), is considered. A combinatorial–topological modeling of the formation of possible types of linear (six types) and ring (two types) tetrapolyhedral cluster precursors М2Т2 from MT monomers is carried out. Different versions of chain formation from linked (MT)2 rings (six types) are considered. The model, which has a universal character, has been used to simulate the cluster selfassembly of the crystal structure of AlPO4(H2O)2 minerals (metavariscite, m-VAR, and variscite, VAR) and zeolite [Al2(PO4)2(H2O)2]·H2O (APC). A tetrapolyhedral linear precursor is established for m-VAR and a ring precursor (MT)2 is established for VAR and APC. The symmetry and topology code of the processes of crystal structure self-assembly from cluster precursors is completely reconstructed. The functional role of the O–H···O hydrogen bonds is considered for the first time. The cluster self-assembly model explains the specific features of the morphogenesis of single crystals: m-VAR prisms, flattened VAR octahedra, and needleshaped APC square-base prisms.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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