Phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China)

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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Phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China)

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » mer 16 ago, 2017 10:10

▪ Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia Q., Yue, X., Wang, W. (2017): Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 89, (in press).

Phosphate minerals are key indicators for understanding the processes of diagenesis and mineralization in granitic systems. More importantly, these minerals provide constraints on the post-magmatic behaviour of Li in pegmatite systems that remain to be explored, although Li from early-crystallized Li phosphates is known to leach into hydrothermal fluids. In this study, we performed a detailed petrographic and compositional analysis of phosphate minerals from the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite in southeastern of China, which provides new evidence of Li circulation in granitic systems. Primary phosphate minerals evolved from xenotime and monazite to Mn-rich fluorapatite and then to triphylite and montebrasite, with large amounts of montebrasite in the intermediate zones of the pegmatite, reflecting the increasing activities of both Li and P in peraluminous granitic melts. Montebrasite experienced stages of both high-temperature (360-273°C) and low-temperature (273-100°C) hydrothermal alteration. The high-temperature hydrothermal alteration of montebrasite by Fe- and Mg-rich fluids resulted in the formation of a series of Fe-, Mg-bearing phosphates; the replacement of montebrasite under low-temperature alteration generated amounts of Ca-, Sr-, Ba-bearing phosphate minerals, muscovite and akdalaite (Al2O3)4·H2O. The formation of micro-networks of akdalaite from montebrasite indicate the low mobility of Al in hydrothermal fluids. A four-stage scenario of post-magmatic Li transport in the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite is proposed: (1) Li derived from the breakdown of primary montebrasite was locally recrystallized and produced secondary montebrasite (Mtb-1); (2) hydrothermal alteration by Fe- and Mg-bearing fluids leached Li from montebrasite to form secondary triphylite and simferite; (3) Li derived from the alteration of montebrasite by Sr-, Ca-rich fluids was involved in the formation of secondary palermoite and bertossaite; and (4) the replacement of secondary triphylite, montebrasite, palermoite and bertossaite by later phases (apatites, ludlamite, anapaite, augelite and fine-grained muscovite) reflect the leaching of Li back into hydrothermal fluids. The re-enrichment of Li during the post-magmatic stage most likely increased the solubility of Ta in the hydrothermal fluids of the granitic pegmatite.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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