Mineral systems, their types, and distribution: Tolbachik (Russia) and Vulcano (Italy)

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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Mineral systems, their types, and distribution: Tolbachik (Russia) and Vulcano (Italy)

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » gio 15 mar, 2018 9:14

▪ Krivovichev, V.G. & Charykova, M.V. (2018): Mineral Systems, Their Types, and Distribution in Nature: 2. Products of Contemporary Fumarole Activity at Tolbachik Volcano (Russia) and Vulcano (Italy). Geology of Ore Deposits, 59, 677-686.

The number of mineral species in which a certain chemical element is species-defining (according to statistical data up to 2015) has been specified. Seventy chemical elements are species-defining for 5044 minerals. The following chemical elements lead in the composition of minerals (number of mineral species in parentheses): oxygen (4115), hydrogen (2800), silicon (1471), calcium (1167), sulfur (1056), aluminium (985), sodium (949), iron (945), copper (636), phosphorus (597), arsenic (594), and magnesium (571). The distribution of mineral species by various systems in the products of contemporary fumarole activity at two volcanoes, Tolbachik in Kamchatka, Russia, and Vulcano in Sicily, Italy, has been compared. These locations were also compared for the distribution of species-defining elements. Thus, it has been determined that in fumaroles of both volcanoes, Tl, S, Cl, F and Na are “excessive,” present in minerals in elevated amounts, whereas H, Ca, Fe, and Mn are “deficient.” The abundance of Cu, Se, V, Mg, Zn, As, and F in minerals at Tolbachik is higher than the global mean values of these elements in the Earth’s crust, whereas the abundance is significantly lower at Vulcano. Sn, I, Br, K, Pb, Al, Fe, and Bi demonstrate the opposite behavior. Comparison of the Yadovitaya and Arsenatnaya fumaroles at the Tolbachik volcano showed that the products of the former are richer in H, Cl, Cu, S, K, O, Al, Fe, and Pb, and poorer in As, Ca, Mg, and Na as species-defining elements. In addition, V- and Mo-bearing minerals are found only at Yadovitaya, whereas minerals containing F, Ti, В, Те, and Zn are known only at Arsenatnaya.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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