IMA 2017-098 = paddlewheelite

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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IMA 2017-098 = paddlewheelite

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » mer 07 nov, 2018 17:19

▪ Olds, T.A., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Dal Bo, F., Burns, P.C. (2018): Paddlewheelite, a New Uranyl Carbonate from the Jáchymov District, Bohemia, Czech Republic. Minerals, 8, 511; doi:10.3390/min8110511.

Paddlewheelite, MgCa5Cu2[(UO2)(CO3)3]4·33H2O, is a new uranyl carbonate mineral found underground in the Svornost mine, Jáchymov District, Bohemia, Czech Republic, where it occurs as a secondary oxidation product of uraninite. The conditions leading to its crystallization are complex, likely requiring concomitant dissolution of uraninite, calcite, dolomite, chalcopyrite, and andersonite. Paddlewheelite is named after its distinctive structure, which consists of paddle-wheel clusters of uranyl tricarbonate units bound by square pyramidal copper “axles” and a cubic calcium cation “gearbox.” Paddle wheels share edges with calcium polyhedra to form open sheets that are held together solely by hydrogen bonding interactions. The new mineral is monoclinic, Pc, a = 22.052(4), b = 17.118(3), c = 19.354(3) Å, beta = 90.474(2), V = 7306(2) Å3 and Z = 4. Paddlewheelite is the second-most structurally complex uranyl carbonate mineral known after ewingite and its structure may provide insights into the insufficiently described mineral voglite, as well as Cu–U–CO3 equilibrium in general.

NdR: idealized formula that more accurately depicts the distribution of H2O groups in the structure of paddlewheelite is Mg(H2O)5Ca5(H2O)17Cu2[(UO2)(CO3)3]4·11H2O.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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