Discovery of moissanite in a peralkaline syenite from the Azores Islands

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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Discovery of moissanite in a peralkaline syenite from the Azores Islands

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » gio 24 gen, 2019 16:27

Referenza:

▪ Nazzareni, S., Nestola, F., Zanon, V., Bindi, L., Scricciolo, E., Petrelli, M., Zanatta, M., Mariotto, G., Giuli, G. (2019): Discovery of moissanite in a peralkaline syenite from the Azores Islands. Lithos, 324, 68-73.

Abstract:
Our discovery of moissanite grains in a peralkaline syenite from the Água de Pau Volcano (São Miguel, Azores Islands, Portugal) represents the first report of this mineral in present day oceanic geodynamic settings. Raman spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction show the presence of both the 6H and 4H polytypes with the predominance of the first one. The distribution of trace elements is homogeneous, except for Al and V. Azorean moissanite often hosts rounded inclusions of metallic Si and other not yet identified metallic alloys. A process involving a flushing of CH4-H2 ultra-reducing fluids in the alkaline melts might be considered as a possible mechanism leading to the formation of natural SiC, thus calling for strongly reducing conditions that were locally met in the crust-mantle beneath the São Miguel Island.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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