Natural bentorite — Cr3+ derivate of ettringite: determination of crystal structure

database, nuove specie, discrediti,
ridefinizioni, classificazioni, ecc.
Rispondi
Avatar utente
Marco E. Ciriotti
Messaggi: 25806
Iscritto il: ven 25 giu, 2004 11:31
Località: via San Pietro, 55 I-10073 Devesi/Cirié TO - Italy
Contatta:

Natural bentorite — Cr3+ derivate of ettringite: determination of crystal structure

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » mar 29 gen, 2019 11:50

Prossima pubblicazione.

Referenza:
▪ Seryotkin, Yu.V., Sokol, E.V., Kokh, S.N., Sharygin, V.V. (2018): Natural bentorite—Cr3+ derivate of ettringite: determination of crystal structure. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 45, (in press).

Abstract:
Bentorite, a Cr3+-substituted analogue of ettringite (Ca6Cr2(SO4)3(OH)12·26H2O), has been found as veinlet filling at its holotype locality in the Hatrurim Basin (Negev Desert). Quite abundant massive bentorite with Cr/(Cr + Al) ratios up to 0.95–0.99 coexists with sporadic portlandite, gypsum, afwillite, truscottite, fluorapatite, tobermorite, calcite, and vaterite. It occurs as almost monomineralic clots composed of fibrous grains. The crystal structure of bentorite has been determined and refined for the first time by XRD powder diffraction coupled with high-accuracy synchrotron low-temperature measurements at 100, 250 K and 295 K. Bentorite is isostructural with ettringite, space group P31c. The analysed bentorite sample has a trigonal unit cell with the parameters a = 11.16150(5), c = 21.63017(19) Å, V = 2333.650(19) Å3 at 100 K; a = 11.17790(5), c = 21.7375(2) Å, and V = 2352.12(2) Å3 at 250 K, and a = 11.2110(2), c = 21.7654(7) Å, and V = 2369.10(7) Å3 at 295 K. The bentorite structure includes only (SO4)2−-groups, three anions per formula unit, as in ettringite. Unlike ettringite, bentorite has Cr3+ instead of Al3+ cations, this being the only difference in chemistry. The obtained structure confirms the existence of a continuous series of ettringite Ca6AlM2[SO4]R3(OH)12⋅26H2O Ca6Al2M[SO4]3R(OH)12⋅26H2O–bentorite Ca6CrM2[SO4]R3(OH)12⋅26H2O Ca6Cr2M[SO4]3R(OH)12⋅26H2O solid solutions over the whole range 0 ≤ Cr3+/(Al + Cr3+) ≤ 1.
Marco E. Ciriotti

«Things are interesting only in so far as they relate themselves to other things»

Avatar utente
Marco E. Ciriotti
Messaggi: 25806
Iscritto il: ven 25 giu, 2004 11:31
Località: via San Pietro, 55 I-10073 Devesi/Cirié TO - Italy
Contatta:

Re: Natural bentorite — Cr3+ derivate of ettringite: determination of crystal structure

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » ven 17 mag, 2019 9:54

Pubblicazione effettuata.

Referenza:
▪ Seryotkin, Y.V., Sokol, E.V., Kokh, S.N., Sharygin, V.V. (2019): Natural bentorite—Cr3+ derivate of ettringite: determination of crystal structure. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 46, 553–570.

Abstract:
Bentorite, a Cr3+-substituted analogue of ettringite (Ca6Cr2(SO4)3(OH)12·26H2O), has been found as veinlet filling at its holotype locality in the Hatrurim Basin (Negev Desert). Quite abundant massive bentorite with Cr/(Cr + Al) ratios up to 0.95–0.99 coexists with sporadic portlandite, gypsum, afwillite, truscottite, fluorapatite, tobermorite, calcite, and vaterite. It occurs as almost monomineralic clots composed of fibrous grains. The crystal structure of bentorite has been determined and refined for the first time by XRD powder diffraction coupled with high-accuracy synchrotron low-temperature measurements at 100, 250 K and 295 K. Bentorite is isostructural with ettringite, space group P31c. The analysed bentorite sample has a trigonal unit cell with the parameters a = 11.16150(5), c = 21.63017(19) Å, V = 2333.650(19) Å3 at 100 K; a = 11.17790(5), c = 21.7375(2) Å, and V = 2352.12(2) Å3 at 250 K, and a = 11.2110(2), c = 21.7654(7) Å, and V = 2369.10(7) Å3 at 295 K. The bentorite structure includes only (SO4)2−-groups, three anions per formula unit, as in ettringite. Unlike ettringite, bentorite has Cr3+ instead of Al3+ cations, this being the only difference in chemistry. The obtained structure confirms the existence of a continuous series of ettringite Ca6Al2M[SO4]3R(OH)12⋅26H2O–bentorite Ca6Cr2M[SO4]3R(OH)12⋅26H2O solid solutions over the whole range 0 ≤ Cr3+/(Al + Cr3+) ≤ 1.
Marco E. Ciriotti

«Things are interesting only in so far as they relate themselves to other things»

Rispondi

Chi c’è in linea

Visitano il forum: Bing [Bot] e 1 ospite