New scandium-bearing variety of tusionite from the Eastern Pamirs (Tajikistan)

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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New scandium-bearing variety of tusionite from the Eastern Pamirs (Tajikistan)

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » dom 09 feb, 2020 10:03

▪ Mirakov, M.A., Pautov, L.A., Shodibekov, M.A., Plechov, P.Yu., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2019): A New Scandium-Bearing Variety of Tusionite from the Eastern Pamirs (Tajikistan). Geology of Ore Deposits, 61, 809–817.

A new Sc-bearing variety of tusionite has been found in the Eastern Pamirs, in the near-miarolitic Dorozhny granite pegmatite complex at the Kukurt pegmatite field (left bank of the Kukurt River, 45 km east of the settlement of Murghab, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast, Tajikistan). Miarolitic pegmatites are related to the alpine leucocratic granites of the Shatput intrusive complex and occur in rocks of the Sarydzhilga Formation (PR3?) metamorphosed under amphibolite and epidote–amphibolite facies. Tusionite occurs in association with quartz, K-feldspar, albite, elbaite, Sc-bearing spessartine (up to 0.2 wt % Sc2O3) and accessory fluorapatite, Y-bearing fluorite, Sn-bearing titanite, magnetite, polycrase-(Y), B-rich gadolinite-(Y), ixiolite, manganocolumbite, pyrochlore, chernovite-(Y), cassiterite, varlamoffite, lepidolite, and Hf-rich zircon (up to 17.0 wt % HfO2). Tusionite forms thin lamellae (0.05–0.25 mm) and fanlike aggregates. It is yellow and transparent with a vitreous luster. It has weak pleochroism, No (orange–yellow) > Ne (light yellow). It is a uniaxial negative mineral, no = 1.870(5), ne = 1.760(3). The Raman spectrum has been reported for tusionite for the first time (laser excitation 532 nm); main bands: 228, 305, 379, 466, 661, 733, 750, 942, 1218, and 1458 cm–1. Its X-ray diffraction pattern is similar to tusionite from the Southwestern Pamirs. Hexagonal unit cell parameters: a = 4.772(3), c = 15.28(3) Å. Chemical composition (electron microprobe, wt %, average of 14 analyses): 0.06 (0.00–0.31) Ta2O5; 50.28 (49.43–51.03) SnO2; 0.02 (0.00–0.19) TiO2; 1.02 (0.62–1.53) Sc2O3; 0.03 (0.00–0.19) CaO; 0.21 (0.16–0.46) FeO; 24.06 (23.59–24.34) MnO; 24.51 (calc. 23.90) B2O3; total 99.62 (99.08–100.79). The substitution mechanism involving Sc is not clear. Substitution of Sc+3 for Sn+4 with partial replacement of Mn+2 by Mn+3 is possible; however, Sc negatively correlates not only with Sn, but also with (Fe + Mn), which may result from the location of Sc in both octahedral positions with Sn+4 and Mn+2.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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