Cristalografia e técnicas analíticas na descoberta de novos minerais no Brasil do século XXI

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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Cristalografia e técnicas analíticas na descoberta de novos minerais no Brasil do século XXI

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » gio 25 nov, 2021 11:21

Referenza:
▪ Andrade, M.B., Azzi, A.A., Atencio, D. (2021): A cristalografia e técnicas analíticas na descoberta de novos minerais no Brasil do século XXI. Journal of Experimental and Techniques Instrumentation - JETI, 4, 35-49.

Abstract:
This article discusses Crystallography and the processes involved in the discovery of new Brazilian mineral species at the beginning of the 21st century. The considerable increase in the number of minerals described represents a turning point intrinsically associated with the efforts of many researchers who have directed their research areas to crystallography and mineralogy, together with advances in several analytical techniques. X-ray diffraction (powder and single-crystal), neutrons, electrons and software for structural refinements have leveraged the characterization of minerals; moreover, the impressive evolution of spatial resolution, accuracy, precision, and detection limits for analyses of chemical composition by scanning electron microscopes and electron microprobes have increased both determination and discovery of new minerals. Data on menezesite, the first natural heteropolyniobate, were first published in 2008, and by 2000, all Brazilian minerals had totaled 36 species. In the 21st century, 38 new minerals have been discovered in Brazil and approved by the International Mineralogical Association (IMA), and 5703 mineral species are currently known (May 2021). Technological advances, such as construction of new synchrotron light sources, will enable investigations on increasingly smaller crystals (e.g., nanoparticles), which will cross new frontiers of knowledge.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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