IMA 2020-074 = uranoclite

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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IMA 2020-074 = uranoclite

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » mer 31 mar, 2021 10:05

Prossima pubblicazione.

▪ Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Olds, T.A., Nash, B.P., Marty, J. (2021): Uranoclite, a new uranyl-chloride mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 85, (in press).

The new mineral uranoclite (IMA2020-074), (UO2)2(OH)2Cl2(H2O)4, was found in the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA, where it occurs as tightly intergrown aggregates of irregular yellow crystals in a secondary assemblage with gypsum. The streak is very pale yellow and the fluorescence is bright green-white under 405 nm ultraviolet light. Crystals are translucent with vitreous lustre. The tenacity is brittle, the Mohs hardness is about 1½, the fracture is irregular. The mineral is soluble in H2O and has a calculated density of 4.038 g·cm–3. Electron microprobe analyses provided (UO2)2(OH)2.19Cl1.81(H2O)4. The six strongest X-ray powder diffraction lines are [dobs Å(I)(hkl)]: 8.85(38)(002), 5.340(100)(200,110), 5.051(63)(-202), 4.421(83)(112,004,202), 3.781(38)(-212) and 3.586(57)(014,-204).
Uranoclite is monoclinic, P21/n, a = 10.763(8), b = 6.156(8), c = 17.798(8) Å, β = 95.656(15)°, V = 1173.5(18) Å3 and Z = 4. The structure is the same as that of synthetic (UO2)2(OH)2Cl2(H2O) in which the structural unit is a dimer consisting of two pentagonal bipyramids that share an equatorial OH–OH edge. The dimers are linked to one another only by hydrogen bonding. This is the second known uranyl mineral containing essential Cl and the first in which Cl coordinates to U6+.

NdR: The first uranyl chloride mineral that contains no other anions other than hydroxyl. Structure (presumed) is very particular and interesting. The crystal colour is pale yellow.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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