Chemical composition and spectroscopic characteristics of alexandrite effect apatite

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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Chemical composition and spectroscopic characteristics of alexandrite effect apatite

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » mer 30 ago, 2023 8:18

Referenza:
▪ Zhang, C., Chen, C., Li, Z., Shen, A.H. (2023): Chemical Composition and Spectroscopic Characteristics of Alexandrite Effect Apatite from the Akzhailyau Mountains of Kazakhstan. Minerals, 13, 1139.

Abstract:
The alexandrite effect is a pivotal optical phenomenon in gemmology, evident in several notable gemstones. However, the manifestation of this effect in apatite from Kazakhstan stands out as both rare and highly sought after. This apatite displays a yellowish-green hue in daylight and transitions to a pinkish-orange shade under incandescent lighting. This research involved analyzing the apatite’s chemical composition using LA-ICP-MS, in addition to obtaining its infrared, Raman, UV-Vis, and fluorescence spectra. From the elemental assessment results, the primary trace elements in the apatite were identified as Na, Mn, and Fe, along with rare-earth elements including Gd, Dy, Ce, Nd, and Sm. The infrared and Raman spectra showcased peaks corresponding to phosphate and hydroxyl groups. The apatite’s alexandrite effect predominantly stems from absorption peaks at 748, 738, 583, 578, and 526 nm in the visible spectrum, all of which are attributed to the rare-earth element, Nd. The fluorescence peaks of the apatite are primarily influenced by elements such as Ce, Eu, Nd, and Mn. Through this research, a theoretical foundation has been laid for the non-destructive identification of apatite exhibiting the alexandrite effect.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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