Growth of kyanite and Fe‐Mg chloritoid in Fe2O3‐rich HP–LT metapelites and metapsammites from Massa Unit

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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Iscritto il: ven 25 giu, 2004 11:31
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Growth of kyanite and Fe‐Mg chloritoid in Fe2O3‐rich HP–LT metapelites and metapsammites from Massa Unit

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » lun 25 set, 2023 19:23

Referenza:
▪ Papeschi, S., Rossetti, F., Walters, J.B. (2023): Growth of kyanite and Fe‐Mg chloritoid in Fe2O3‐rich HP–LT metapelites and metapsammites: A case study from the Massa Unit (Alpi Apuane, Italy). Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 41, 1049-1079.

Abstract:
Chloritoid and kyanite coexist in metapelites from the high-pressure/low-temperature Massa Unit in the Alpi Apuane metamorphic complex (Northern Apennines, Italy). The composition of chloritoid is extremely variable throughout the Massa Unit. Fe-chloritoid occurs in association with hematite-free, graphite-bearing schists, whereas strongly zoned Fe-Mg chloritoid is found with hematite and kyanite. We investigated the effect of different bulk Fe2O3 contents in controlling chloritoid composition through phase equilibria modelling of four selected samples, representative of the different chloritoid-bearing parageneses found in the Massa Unit. The ferric iron content, measured through wet chemical titration, ranges from 0 (graphite-chloritoid schist) to 73% of the total iron (hematite-chloritoid schist). We show that Mg-rich chloritoid compositions and stability of kyanite at greenschist- to blueschist-facies conditions can be reproduced in the MnO–Na2O–K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O–TiO2–O (MnNKFMASHTO) chemical system only considering the presence of significant amounts of ferric iron as part of the bulk composition. The stabilization of kyanite at lower grade is directly linked to the presence of Fe2O3, which renders the reactive bulk rock composition effectively enriched in Al2O3 with respect to Fe and Mg. We also document that high Fe2O3 contents exacerbate the effect of chloritoid fractionation, producing strongly zoned Fe-Mg-chloritoid grains. Finally, the P-T modelling of the Massa Units performed in this study allows, for the first time, the recognition of a two-stage evolution at peak conditions, with an earlier pressure peak (1.2 – 1.3 GPa at 350 – 400 °C), and a later thermal peak (0.7 – 1.1 GPa at 440 – 480 °C), compatible with subduction, underthrusting and exhumation of the Adria continental margin during growth of the northern Apennine orogenic wedge.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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