Update on emeralds from Kagem Mine, Kafubu Area, Zambia

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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Update on emeralds from Kagem Mine, Kafubu Area, Zambia

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » gio 28 set, 2023 9:57

Referenza:
▪ Gao, R., Chen, Q., Li, Y., Huang, H. (2023): Update on Emeralds from Kagem Mine, Kafubu Area, Zambia. Minerals, 13, 1260.

Abstract:
Kagem emerald mine in Zambia is deemed to the largest open-pit emerald mine with extremely high economic value and market share in the world. To meet the market demand for tracing the origin of emeralds, 30 emeralds from the region were tested, and some discoveries were made compared to previous studies. This study provides a full set of data through standard gemological properties, inclusions, color characteristics, advanced spectroscopic and chemical analyses, including Raman, micro micro-UV-Vis-NIR, FTIR, and LA-ICP-MS. The most common inclusions in Kagem emeralds are two-phase inclusions, which exhibit elongated, hexagonal, oval, irregular shapes or appear as negative crystals with incomplete hexagonal prism. These inclusions consist of H2O or H2O + CO2 (liquid) and CO2 + N2 or CO2 + N2 + CH4 (gas). Mineral inclusions typically include actinolite, graphite, magnetite, and dolomite. Black graphite encased in actinolite in Kagem emeralds is first reported. The FTIR spectrum of Kagem emeralds reveals that the absorption of type II H2O is stronger than that of type I H2O, indicating the presence of abundant alkali metals, which was confirmed through chemical analysis. Kagem emeralds contain high levels of Na (avg. 16,440 ppm), moderate-to-high Cs (avg. 567 ppm), as well as low-to-moderate levels of K (avg. 185 ppm) and Rb (avg. 14 ppm) concentrations.
Marco E. Ciriotti

«Things are interesting only in so far as they relate themselves to other things»

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Nicolas
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Re: Update on emeralds from Kagem Mine, Kafubu Area, Zambia

Messaggio da Nicolas » gio 28 set, 2023 14:54

Ciao Marco.

Sembra molto interessante, se per caso fosse possibile avere il pdf, o dirmi dove trovarlo, grazie mille!

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Massimo Russo
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Re: Update on emeralds from Kagem Mine, Kafubu Area, Zambia

Messaggio da Massimo Russo » gio 28 set, 2023 15:30

Vai sul sito di Minerals. È scaricabile liberamente.

Massimo
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Massimo Russo
INGV - Osservatorio Vesuviano

"Un minerale senza nome è solo un inutile pezzo di pietra" (Massimo Russo)

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Nicolas
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Re: Update on emeralds from Kagem Mine, Kafubu Area, Zambia

Messaggio da Nicolas » ven 29 set, 2023 15:14

Grazie mille Massimo, vado subito!

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