IMA 2016-095 = shinkolobweite

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Marco E. Ciriotti
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IMA 2016-095 = shinkolobweite

Messaggio da Marco E. Ciriotti » lun 02 ott, 2023 11:11

Referenza:
▪ Olds, T.A., Lussier, A.J., Petříček, V., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Oliver, A.G., Burns, P.C., Dembowski, M., Steele, I.M. (2023): Shinkolobweite, from the Shinkolobwe Mine, Democratic Republic of Congo: A New Mineral Containing Uranium in the Rare Pentavalent Oxidation State. The Canadian Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology, 61, 999–1020.

Abstract:
Shinkolobweite, Pb1.333[U5+O(OH)(UO2)5O4.67(OH)5.33](H2O)5, is a new lead uranyl oxide-hydroxide hydrate mineral containing hexavalent and pentavalent uranium from the Shinkolobwe mine, Democratic Republic of Congo. Crystals of shinkolobweite are dark reddish-brown prisms up to 0.5 mm in length, occurring on a matrix of massive uraninite associated with fourmarierite, rutherfordine, soddyite, and sklodowskite. Crystals are translucent with subadamantine luster and light bronze-yellow streak, are flattened on {010}, are elongated on [001], and exhibit the forms {100}, {010}, {101}, and {10-1}. The mineral is non-fluorescent under both longwave and shortwave ultraviolet illumination. It has a Mohs hardness of ∼2 and exhibits brittle tenacity with perfect cleavage on {010}, imperfect cleavage on {100}, and even fracture. The calculated density is 5.853 g/cm3 based on the empirical formula. Electron probe microanalysis provided the empirical formula Pb1.290U6+4.876U5+1.166O27H16.633 based on 27 O apfu and U5+:U6+ determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Shinkolobweite is orthorhombic, superspace group Pnnm(0b0)000, a = 14.4808(4), b = 7.0681(8), c = 11.9423(3) Å, V = 1222.32(15) Å3, modulation wave vector [0 1/3 0], and Z = 2. The structure was refined from 8959 reflections to a final R1 = 0.0736 for all reflections. Uranyl oxide-hydroxide sheets in shinkolobweite adopt the β-U3O8 topology and possess (3 + 1) commensurately modulated ordering that results from the long-range ordering of U5+ and U6+ in the sheet, as well as the position and occupancy of interlayer Pb2+ cations. Observations of a topological transition between α-U3O8 and β-U3O8 type sheets in shinkolobweite supplements our understanding of U5+ mineral oxidation and stability.
Marco E. Ciriotti

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